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In the United States, the wood used for the manufacture of paper is mainly from small diameter bolts and pulpwood. It is usually measured by the cord or by weight.

Although the fiber used in making paper is overwhelmingly wood fiber, a large percentage of other ingredients is needed.

Paper is made from a mix of types of trees. Some are hardwood, some are softwood. In addition, some are tall, some old, some wide, some young, some thin. Many of the “trees” used to make paper are just chips and sawdust.

One ton of a typical paper requires two cords of wood, but also requires 55,000 gallons of water, 102 pounds of sulfur, 350 pounds of lime, 289 pounds of clay, 1.2 tons of coal, 112 kilowatt hours of power, 20 pounds of dye and pigments and 108 pounds of starch, as well as other ingredients.

Claudia Thompson, in her book Recycled Papers: The Essential Guide (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992), reports on an estimate calculated by Tom Soder, then a graduate student in the Pulp and Paper Technology Program at the University of Maine. He calculated that, based on a mixture of softwoods and hardwoods 40 feet tall and 6-8 inches in diameter, it would take a rough average of 24 trees to produce a ton of printing and writing paper, using the kraft chemical (freesheet) pulping process.

If we assume that the groundwood process is about twice as efficient in using trees, then we can estimate that it takes about 12 trees to make a ton of groundwood and newsprint. (The number will vary somewhat because there often is more fiber in newsprint than in office paper, and there are several different ways of making this type of paper.)

Many of the “trees” used to make paper are just chips and sawdust.

Addicional information

1 ton of uncoated virgin (non-recycled) printing and office paper uses 24 trees

1 ton of 100% virgin (non-recycled) newsprint uses 12 trees

A “pallet” of copier paper (20-lb. sheet weight, or 20#) contains 40 cartons and weighs 1 ton. Therefore,

1 tree makes 16.67 reams of copy paper or 8,333.3 sheets

1 ream (500 sheets) uses 6% of a tree .

1 ton of coated, higher-end virgin magazine paper (used for magazines like National Geographic and many others) uses a little more than 15 trees

1 ton of coated, lower-end virgin magazine paper (used for newsmagazines and most catalogs) uses nearly 8 trees.

Energy

About 80% of people in the world have access to electricity. This figure has increased in the last decade, mainly due to increasing urbanization. But despite the fact that more and more people are getting access to electricity we use very different amounts of it.

Using data from the World Energy Council we can compare how much electricity the average electrified household uses in different countries.

In the US typical household power consumption is about 11,700 kWh each year, in France it is 6,400 kWh, in the UK it is 4,600 kWh and in China around 1,300 kWh. The global average electricity consumption for households with electricity was roughly 3,500 kWh in 2016..

There are numerous things that drive these differences, including wealth, physical house size, appliance standards, electricity prices and access to alternative cooking, heating and cooling fuels.

By taking residential electricity use and dividing it by population we can look at how much electricity the average person uses at home in each country.

Each American uses about 4,500 kWh per year in their home. This is about six times that of the global average per capita, or more than five times the average for those who have electricity access.

The variation between developed countries is also quite stark. While the US and Canada are up around 4,500 kWh per person the UK and Germany are below 2,000 kWh. In Brazil, Mexico and China per person use is just 500 kWh, but growth is very different. In Brazil residential use per person has been stable over the last 20 years, whereas in Mexico it is up 50% and in China it has increased 600%.

Our household electricity use has been 2,000 kWh each of the last few years, which means it is about 700 kWh per person. We benefit from not using electricity for heating or cooling, although our electric oven is a big source of demand.

Recycling paper and save a tree

In the last 40 years, world consumption of paper has grown four hundred percent! Today, the world consumes about 300 million tons of paper every year.

Most of this paper is made from virgin pulp that comes from nearly 4 billion trees. Trees, that would have served as badly needed carbon sinks, had they not been cut down to meet this global demand for paper.

Does recycling paper help?
Yes, definitely.

Paper comes from Trees…

If many more of us started recycling paper, and cut down on our use of paper made from virgin pulp, perhaps the 4 billion trees that are harvested every year to make paper, could be spared and left standing to perform a more important task – that of absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

To produce paper takes twice the energy used to produce a plastic bag. Everything takes energy to produce

Paper comes from Trees…

In today’s electronic age, people are starting to consider going paperless. But there’s still a long way to go before we lose our dependence on this very important human product.

From our newspapers to our paper wrappings, paper is still everywhere and most of them are ending up in our landfills creating a staggering amount of paper waste. There was a time when paper was a rare and precious commodity. Now it fills our planet. It was initially invented as a tool for communication, but today, paper is used more for packaging.

To produce paper takes twice the energy used to produce a plastic bag. Everything takes energy to produce.

Just imagine how long a tree will grow to its full size

In the case of paper, it also involves cutting down trees. Deforestation is one of the main environmental problems we’re facing in these times. 42% of all global wood harvest is used to make paper. Is it really worth it to cut down our life saving trees for this product?

Facts about Paper and Paper Waste

As we speak, more than 199 tons of paper has already been produced.

  • 324 liters of water is used to make 1 kilogram of paper.
  • 10 liters of water is needed to make one piece of A4 paper.
  • 93% of paper comes from trees.
  • 50% of the waste of businesses is composed of paper.
  • Recycling 1 ton of paper saves around 682.5 gallons of oil, 26,500 liters of water and 17 trees.
  • Packaging makes up 1/3 or more of our trash.
  • Paper accounts for 25% of landfill waste and 33% of municipal waste.
  • With all the paper we waste each year, we can build a 12 foot high wall of paper from New York to California!
  • Lessening of paper usage was predicted due to the electronic revolution. It didn’t happen. Demand for paper is expected to double before 2030.
  • Every tree produces enough oxygen for 3 people to breathe.
  • In the case of paper, it also involves cutting down trees.

Environmental Degradation Facts

Deforestation is the primary effect of our mindless use of paper. Conservation groups have made an admirable headway in protecting ecologically rich forests and limiting commercial access. This is great progress for mankind! Just imagine how long a tree will grow to its full size…. We are only just realizing the wasted use of our trees – trees that give off oxygen and protect the planet from further Global Warming.

Does recycling paper help?
Yes, definitely. 

Consequences of Depletion of Natural Resources

Paper pollution is another effect of paper waste and it’s a serious problem. It is estimated that by 2020, paper mills will be producing 500,000,000 tons of paper and paperboard each year! We obviously need this product and a reduction of use is not in the horizon. Pulp and paper is the 3rd largest industrial polluter of air, water and soil. Chlorine-based bleaches are used during production which results in toxic materials being released into our water, air and soil. When paper rots, it emits methane gas which is 25 times more toxic than CO2.

Glassrecycling

As stewards of the environment, we are responsible for preserving and protecting our resources for ourselves and for future generations.

Recycling is really just common sense, and until the “modern era,” it was a common household activity. Before the 1920s, 70% of U.S. cities ran programs to recycle certain materials. During World War II, industry recycled and reused about 25% of the waste stream. Because of concern for the environment, recycling is again on the upswing. The nation’s composting and recycling rate rose from 7.7% of the waste stream in 1960 to 17% in 1990. It’s currently up to around 48%

Glass is 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly without loss in quality or purity, is made from readily-available domestic materials, such as sand, soda ash, limestone and “cullet,” the industry term for furnace-ready recycled glass.

The only material used in greater volumes than cullet is sand. These materials are mixed, or “batched,” heated to a temperature of 2600 to 2800 degrees Fahrenheit and molded into the desired shape. Recycled glass can be substituted for up to 95% of raw materials.

Manufacturers benefit from recycling in several ways: Recycled glass reduces emissions and consumption of raw materials, extends the life of plant equipment, such as furnaces, and saves energy.

Recycled glass is always part of the recipe for glass, and the more that is used, the greater the decrease in energy used in the furnace. This makes using recycled glass profitable in the long run, lowering costs for glass container manufacturers—and benefiting the environment.

The recycling one glass bottle saves enough energy to light a 100-watt light bulb for 4 hours or operate a television for 3 hours.

Producing glass from virgin materials requires 30% more energy than producing it from crushed used glass. It takes approximately 1 million years for a glass bottle to break down in a landfill.

Recycling is really just common sense

Most bottles and jars contain at least 25% recycled glass.

Recycling glass saves 25-32% of the energy used to make glass.

Glass containers save 9 gallons of fuel (oil) for every ton of glass recycled.

Unacceptable glass for recycling: ceramic cups, plates and pottery; clay garden pots; laboratory glass; crystal and opaque drinking glasses; mirrors; windshields and window glass; heat-resistant ovenwear; light bulbs; drinking glasses; hazardous glass containers, i.e. acid containers.

Some recycled glass containers are not able to be used in the manufacture of new glass bottles and jars or to make fiberglass. This may be because there is too much contamination or the recycled glass pieces are too small to meet manufacturing specifications. This recovered glass is then used for non-container glass products.

Because of concern for the environment, recycling is again on the upswing

With the involvement and enthusiasm of the people, recycling is back and so are thousands upon thousands of recycled products made from materials that would otherwise be piling up in our nation’s landfills. It doesn’t just make sense. It makes a huge difference to our environment, our quality of life, and our country’s future.

oil

How Does Oil Get into the Ocean?

A report from the National Academy of Sciences estimates 3% of the oil entering the ocean each year comes from oil and gas exploration and extraction activities.

When many of us think of oil spills, we might think of an oil tanker running aground and spilling its contents into the ocean.

In fact, there are actually several ways crude or refined oil may reach the marine environment.

All of those spills add up too.

The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences reported that roughly 343,200,000 gallons of oil were released into the sea annually, worldwide.

Wherever oil is consumed, there are opportunities for oil spills

Of this amount, the report estimates the origin of that oil as follows:

37% Transportation
12% Extraction
3% Natural seeps
46% Use or consumption of oil

Wherever oil is consumed, such as in manufacturing or when loading a ship with fuel, there are opportunities for oil spills. According to the Washington State Department of Ecology, most spills that occur during ship fueling happen because of inattention, inadequate procedure, procedural error, or poor judgment—in other words, human error.

The typically small-in-size spills that come from consuming oil originate from a variety of activities and actually account for most of the oil spilled by humans into the sea.

According to the International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation, occurrences of large spills from tankers and barges, have decreased dramatically since 1970. This can be attributed at least in part to advances in safety thanks to the Oil Pollution Act of 1990.

Most spills that occur during inadequate procedure, procedural error, or poor judgment—in other words, human error

While oil extraction is not considered a large source of the overall amount of oil released into the sea each year, spills from offshore oil exploration and drilling can be huge when they do happen.

While not technically “oil spills,” oil seeps from the ocean floor naturally release oil from subterranean reservoirs and represent the largest source of oil entering seas both in the United States and around the world.

Even though seeps are not without their own impacts on marine life, natural oil seeps release oil slowly over time, allowing ecosystems to adapt. Impact, then, is not only determined by how much oil is in the environment, but also the type of oil and how quickly it is released.

During an oil spill, the amount of oil released in a short time can overwhelm an ecosystem.

creative ways

 

Tin and aluminum cans are one of the many things that Americans use and dispose of, perhaps more than any other container. Therefore recycling is very important and by recycling you can save precious energy and natural resources.

When recycled, that can produces enough energy to keep a 100-watt bulb burning for almost four hours or run your television for three hours. Even more interesting, because aluminum is a durable and sustainable metal, two-thirds of the aluminum ever produced is still in use today.

But before you send the cans to the recycling center, how about having some fun and figuring out some creative ways to reuse them before tossing them in the recycling bin.

Here are some ideas ways to reuse your aluminum cans.

Cake molds

 CAKE MOLDS

 

Drawer Organizer

DRAWER ORGANIZER

 

Containers for Bags

BAGS

 

Piggy Bank for kids.

PIGGY BANK

“It’s infinite we can do with aluminum cans”

 

Vase

 VASE

 

Desk Organizer

DESKORGANIZER

When recycled, that can produces enough energy to keep a 100-watt bulb burning for almost four hours or run your television for three hours.

Candleholder

CANDLEHOLDER

Bowling Game

BOWLING GAMES

Kitchen Bottles Set (Sugar, Tea, Coffee, Beans, Salt and more.)

KITCHEN BOTTLES

  Recycling is very important , you can save precious energy and natural resources.

Wedding decoration

WEDDING DECORATION

It’s infinite we can do with aluminum cans in the next post will bring more ideas.

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Benefits of Outsourced Professional Cleaning Services

A clean environment is not only essential for appearances, but for the health and hygiene of building occupants, Professional janitorial services will ensure your building is always hygienic and attractive.  Although there are many benefits to hiring a professional cleaning company, we’ve compiled allmost for your consideration.

No hassle

This is the “no hassle” benefit. When you hire an external cleaning company, you won’t have to worry about the staff. They are not your responsibility, and therefore you are relieved from the burden of hiring, supervising, managing, and assessing them.

“When you hire an external cleaning company, you won’t have to worry about the staff.”

With external cleaners, the only thing you need to do is collaborate with the company to devise the most appropriate cleaning plan for your building.

Flexible and Tailored to You

Enlisting the services of an outsourced cleaning company is convenient. Most professional cleaning companies will work with you to create the best cleaning program based on your needs.

Commercial cleaning companies will be able to help you decide the ideal schedule for the types of surfaces and flooring in your building, taking into account pedestrian traffic, material, time of year, etc.

Furthermore, the cleaners will work around your schedule. For example, it is easy to have cleaners come in at night so as not to disturb your employees.

“Most professional cleaning companies will work with you to create the best cleaning program based on your needs”

Each facility is different, and will therefore require a tailored cleaning program to ensure the best results.

You will be able to customize to your liking, whether you need one-time, daily, weekly, or monthly cleaning of specific areas. Figuring out the right cleaning frequency will save both time and money on unnecessary tasks.

Cleanliness Standards

An outsourced cleaning company can mean having a cleaner facility, Cleaning companies’ first and foremost concern is cleanliness. It is their reason for existing.

Outsourced janitorial companies spend time and money to ensure their cleaning standards, methods, equipment, and products are up-to-date.

“Cleaning companies’ first and foremost concern is cleanliness. It is their reason for existing”

 

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Summer_Cleaning_TipsSummertime

and the living is easy…

There’s nothing complicated or time-consuming about keeping a clean, inviting and well-run home.

What you need is a strategy.

Take a few minutes now for planning, and you’ll save hours in the months ahead.

These  summer cleaning tips can help you keep your home looking crisp and clean with minimal effort during the sunny days ahead.

These cleaning tips that will change your summer

 

Plan for a clutter-free summer

Set a summer goal of having a clutter free home. Having lots of stuff around leaves plenty of places for dust and allergens to collect. If you haven’t already, do a bit of decluttering now to get the ball rolling.

Get the kids to help with the house-wide clutter-busting. Encourage kids as young as preschoolers (ages 3-4) to put dirty clothes in the hamper and put away playthings after use.

By making a clean, clutter-free home the precursor to a fun activity, such as a day at the beach or lake, and by helping your child master the cleaning tasks, you can make housecleaning an enjoyable, confidence-building activity. And thanks to summer, there’s finally time to get almost everything done.

 

Think small for big summer cleaning impact.

Tackle small jobs before they turn into big ones. Sweep up crumbs before they get ground into kitchen or patio floors.

Make it a group effort. To get all the cleaning done in the allotted time, have the troops pitch in. Give each member of your family a task. If the results aren’t perfect, you’re probably the only one who will notice.

Lighten up on summer cleaning by stopping dirt at the door.

 

“Think small for big summer cleaning impact”

 

Stop dirt and sand at the door by having people remove their shoes before entering. If that sounds a bit drastic, invest in a good door mat that’s gentle on feet.

Even your little stomper can wipe shoes on entryway rugs or front door mats to protect floors and carpets, and to catch dirt, dust, pollen brought in from outside.

Inside, place washable rugs in high-tragic areas to prevent sand and dirt from being tracked from room to room.

Confine eating to the kitchen or dining room so you won’t be chasing crumbs throughout the house.

 

Bathroom basics

Here is where cleaning challenges can get tough. With so many different surfaces – chrome, brass, glass, porcelain and fiberglass – it’s difficult to know where to begin or what to use.

But you don’t need to buy buckets full of special cleaners to keep everything looking good this summer.

Four basic products can get the job done: an all-purpose cleaner;

  • a tub, tile and sink cleaner;
  • a toilet-bowl cleaner; and
  • a glass cleaner.

(The best and least expensive glass cleaner, by the way, is a homemade mix of 1/4 cup of vinegar in 3 3/4 cups of warm water.)

You’ll also need tools:

  • a long-handled toilet brush
  • a sponge (preferably a scrubber sponge),
  • a squeegee,
  • a dust cloth and paper towels.

Save time by spraying cleaners on areas that need extra soaking time, such as the toilet, tub and shower, while you tackle other surfaces.

Now Follow this procedure and you’ll have a summer-fresh bathroom in minutes, rather than hours:

Sanitize the bowl:  Squirt toilet bowl cleaner around the inside of the bowl and under the rim. With a long-handled toilet brush, swish the cleaner around the bowl, under the rim and as far into the trap as possible.

Let the solution stand while you clean the seat, lid and outside of the bowl with an all-purpose cleaner and a sponge, cloth or paper towels.

Paper towels are best: No rinsing is needed, and there’s no chance of spreading germs, since you’ll toss out the paper towels immediately after use.

Clear the deck: Clear the countertop of personal items, and spray the surface with all purpose cleaner. Wipe clean with a sponge or paper towels and replace your toiletries.

Shine on:  Spray glass cleaner on a cloth and clean the mirror. Squeegee dry. Use glass cleaner to make faucets sparkle, too.

Dust and smudge duty:  Clear shelves and dust. Spot-clean wall smudges with an all-purpose cleaner and sponge. Give full attention to areas around light switches and doorknobs – a favorite gathering place for germs and bacteria.

Scrub duty: Use a scrubber sponge to loosen and remove soap scum and buildup on the tub or shower. Rinse clean.

To make this task easier in the future, keep a squeegee in the shower or a sponge in the tub.

Wipe down the shower door and walls or sides of the tub after each use to help prevent soap-scum buildup. To keep mildew in check, open the shower door or curtain after use to let it air-dry. If mildew already has a toehold, scrub the surface with 3/4 cup bleach in 1 gallon water; rinse clean.

Now for the floor. Vacuum or sweep, then mop.

Garbage detail.  Empty the trash can and take the bag with you.

 

Quick kitchen cleanup

Kitchens are a potluck of dirt, grease and germs.

To make this room a sunny haven this season, you’ll need:

  •  an all-purpose cleaner,
  •  a glass cleaner (or the vinegar and water mix),
  •  dish-washing detergent, a clean dry cloth,
  • a scrubber sponge and a scourer (the ball-shape, woven-plastic kind).

Put everything in its place, from the dishes languishing in the sink to the kids’ drawings on the kitchen table.

Don’t waste precious summer moments scrubbing dried-on foods or baked-on spills on counters and the stove top. Give them a generous spritz of all-purpose cleaner and allow the cleaner to penetrate the grime while you move on.

Fill the sink with hot, soapy water and soak your stove burner rings and vent-hood filter for at least 15 or 20 minutes to soften baked-on food and spills and splatters.

Remove the oven racks. Scrape off any burned-on stains with a dull knife held at a 30-degree angle. Use an oven cleaner for manually cleaned ovens. If you have a self-cleaning oven, simply turn it on and let the appliance clean itself.

“Don’t use an oven cleaner in a self-cleaning or a continuous-cleaning oven, it may damage the surface”

To eliminate the need for frequent deep cleanings for the rest of the summer, sponge away oven spills before they dry or are burned to a crisp.

Surface duty. Work your way around the kitchen, cleaning all the surfaces.

First, wipe up the spots you sprayed earlier, then use an all-purpose cleaner for a general wiping of countertops, the oven exterior, cabinets, the dishwasher and refrigerator.

Finally, spray a disinfectant cleaner on the countertops and refrigerator handle and let it sit for at least 10 minutes.

Retrieve the vent-hood filter and stove-burner rings that have been soaking in the sink; sponge them clean of any lingering grime; rinse, dry and put back in place.

“Put everything in its place, from the dishes languishing in the sink to the kids’ drawings on the kitchen table.”

Clean the sink and faucet with a sponge and dishwashing liquid or all-purpose cleaner.

 

Greeting and meeting areas

Your front door, entryway and patio should be bright spots for entertaining. Fortunately, these areas require little effort.

Clear debris and clutter from all walkways and stairs. Sweep the front walkway and porch; prune any yellowed leaves on porch plants.

For safety’s sake, light the walkway and porch well. On the patio, more indirect lighting may be preferable.

 

Remember: safety first!

Practice prevention this summer when it comes to housecleaning and cleaning products. Show kids the safe way to use cleaning products when they go about their chores. Store your cleaning supplies safely out of reach of curious little hands.

 

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five_tips_for_recycling

A bathroom recycling bin definitely encourages the practice.

Most of us are used to recycling at home, but in the bathroom? Not so much. However, your bathroom is home to a number of recyclable products.

The more you know about what’s recyclable, the easier it is to incorporate it into your daily routine.

  • Make your own recycling bin.

Moms believe that showing their kids how to place recyclable products in the appropriate bin is a teachable moment.

  • Get a bathroom recycling bin.

A majority of moms report they would be more likely to recycle bathroom products if they had a recycling bin in the room.

With a handy bin nearby, you’ll never have to think twice about recycling in the bathroom.

  • Get crafty.

For items that can’t be recycled, instead of tossing them, why not remake them into something special? how to creating luminaries out of moisturizer jars, vases out of makeup remover bottles.

  • Create friendly reminders.

Try leaving a framed note on your bathroom counter, to help remind you and your family and guests to recycle every day.

  • Involve your kids.

You can start by creating a recycling campaign that rewards kids with fun, when they remember to recycle in the bathroom.

By following these five simple steps, you’ll be well on your way to making bathroom recycling part of your family’s daily routine.